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                              Stereoscopic Displays and Applications conference

Stereoscopic Display Application Issues

Educational Short Course

The "Stereoscopic Display Application Issues" Short Course is a full day short course conducted annually as part of the Stereoscopic Displays and Applications Conference.

The next course will be held as part of the 2017 Electronic Imaging Symposium (29 January -2 February 2017) and in conjunction with the 2017 Stereoscopic Displays and Applications conference.

Stereoscopic Display Application Issues


When correctly implemented, stereoscopic 3D video displays can provide significant benefits in many areas, including endoscopy and other medical imaging, remote-control vehicles and telemanipulators, stereo 3D CAD, molecular modeling, 3D computer graphics, 3D visualization, and video-based training. This course conveys a concrete understanding of basic principles and pitfalls that should be considered in transitioning from 2D to 3D displays, and in testing for performance improvements. In addition to the traditional lecture sessions, there will be a "workshop" session to demonstrate stereoscopic hardware and 3D imaging/display principles, emphasizing the key issues in an ortho-stereoscopic video display setup, and showing video from a wide variety of applied stereoscopic imaging systems.


This course will enable you to:

  • list critical human factors guidelines for stereoscopic display configuration & implementation
  • calculate optimal camera focal length, separation, display size, and viewing distance to achieve a desired level of depth acuity
  • calculate comfort limits for focus/fixation mismatch and on-screen parallax values, as a function of focal length, separation, convergence, display size, and viewing distance factors
  • set up a large-screen stereo display system using AV equipment readily available at most conference sites, for slides and for full-motion video
  • evaluate the trade-offs among currently available stereoscopic display technologies for your proposed applications
  • list the often-overlooked side-benefits of stereoscopic displays that should be included in a cost/benefit analysis for proposed 3D applications
  • avoid common pitfalls in designing tests to compare 2D vs. 3D displays
  • calculate and demonstrate the distortions in perceived 3D space due to camera and display parameters
  • design and set up an orthostereoscopic 3D imaging/display system
  • understand the projective geometry involved in stereo modeling
  • enumerate the problems, and the solutions, for converting stereoscopic video across video standards such as NTSC to PAL
  • understand the trade-offs among currently available stereoscopic display system technologies and determine which will best match a particular application


Engineers, scientists, and program managers involved with video display systems for applications such as: medical imaging & endoscopic surgery, simulators & training systems, teleoperator systems (remote-control vehicles & manipulators), computer graphics, 3D CAD systems, data-space exploration and visualization, and virtual reality.


John O. Merritt is a display systems consultant at The Merritt Group, Williamsburg, MA, with over 25 years experience in the design and human-factors evaluation of stereoscopic video displays for telepresence & telerobotics, scientific visualization, and medical imaging.

Dr Andrew J. Woods is a research engineer at Curtin University's Centre for Marine Science and Technology, Perth, Western Australia, with over 20 years of experience working on the design, application, and evaluation of stereoscopic video equipment in teleoperation applications, including devices for converting stereoscopic video from one standard to another.

Cost:  Member fee*: $465 / Non-member fee: $510 / Student fee: $185 *(after January 9, 2017 prices for all courses increase by $50, $25 for students)
CEU (Continuing Education Units): 0.65
Time: 8:30am to 5:30pm
Date: Sunday 29 January 2017
Location: Hyatt Regency San Francisco Airport hotel, Burlingame, California, USA.

Visit the Electronic Imaging Symposium website for registration information.

Information for Short Course Attendees:

The following zip file contains resources used during the short course and is made available to Short Course attendees only (Contact Andrew Woods if you don't have the password). (60k)
Extract using the PC Windows program "WinZip" ( or equivalent on the Mac.
Contents: 3dgeomet.xls (Excel ver5 - Stereoscopic Display and Camera Geometry calculation spreadsheet),
3dmapsh.exe (DOS executable - Interactive display of 3D camera and display geometry).

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Revised: 28 January, 2017.